What Does Eggs Do in Baking

Eggs are a staple ingredient in many baked goods, from cakes and cookies to bread and pastries. But have you ever stopped to wonder what role eggs play in creating those delicious treats?

Eggs are more than just a source of protein – they play a critical role in baking, affecting everything from texture to taste. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at what eggs do in baking, and how you can use them to create the perfect baked goods every time.

Eggs Add Moisture to Baked Goods

Eggs are a crucial ingredient when it comes to adding moisture to baked goods. The water content in eggs provides moisture to the dough or batter, helping to create a soft and tender crumb. Without eggs, your baked goods may turn out dry and crumbly, lacking the moist texture that we all love.

Eggs Help Bind Ingredients Together

In addition to adding moisture, eggs also play an important role in binding ingredients together. The protein in eggs helps to hold everything together, making sure that your baked goods don’t fall apart. This is especially important in recipes that call for a lot of dry ingredients, such as flour, which can be difficult to bind together without the help of eggs.

Eggs Contribute to the Rise of Baked Goods

Eggs are also important when it comes to the rise of baked goods. The proteins in eggs coagulate and set during the baking process, trapping air bubbles and causing the batter or dough to rise. This is especially important in recipes that call for a lot of flour, as the eggs help to create a lighter and fluffier texture.

Eggs Add Flavor to Baked Goods

Not only do eggs contribute to the texture of baked goods, but they also add flavor. Eggs have a unique taste that can help to enhance the flavor of other ingredients in your recipe. For example, in a cake recipe, eggs can help to bring out the flavor of the vanilla or other extracts.

Eggs Act as Emulsifiers

Finally, eggs act as emulsifiers, helping to blend together ingredients that wouldn’t normally mix. This is important in recipes that call for oil and water-based ingredients, such as mayonnaise or salad dressings. In baking, eggs can help to create a smooth and consistent batter, even when combining ingredients that don’t typically mix well.


Can you substitute eggs in baking?

Yes, there are many egg substitutes that you can use in baking, such as applesauce, mashed bananas, or tofu. However, keep in mind that these substitutes may affect the texture and flavor of your baked goods.

How many eggs should you use in baking?

The number of eggs you should use in baking depends on the recipe. As a general rule, most cake and cookie recipes call for 1-2 eggs, while bread and pastry recipes may call for more.

Do eggs need to be at room temperature for baking?

Yes, it’s generally recommended that you use room temperature eggs in baking. This allows them to mix more easily with other ingredients and helps to ensure even baking.


Eggs are a crucial ingredient in baking, contributing to everything from texture to flavor. Whether you’re making a cake, cookies, or bread, eggs play an important role in creating delicious baked goods.

I'm Jennifer Tirrell, a self-taught baker, and founder of CakeRe. As an experienced baker and recipe publisher, I have spent over a decade working in the kitchen and have tried and tested countless baking tools and products. From classic cakes to creative twists, I've got you covered. So grab your apron and let's get baking!

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