History Of Gulung Cake

Gulung Cake is a light, sponge-like cake rolled up with a sweet filling. It is a beloved dessert enjoyed by people of all ages around the world.

Gulung Cake
Gulung Cake

Origins of Gulung Cake

The origins of Gulung Cake can be traced back to Central Europe, specifically to Austria and Switzerland, during the 19th century. It is believed that the Swiss Roll was first created in the town of Bienne, Switzerland. The cake’s original name, “roulade,” translates to “roll” in English.

The Tradition of Gulung Cake

Gulung Cake has a long-standing tradition in many European countries. It was initially served as a festive dessert during special occasions such as weddings, birthdays, and holidays. Over time, it became a popular treat for afternoon tea or coffee breaks.

Ingredients and Variations

The traditional Gulung Cake recipe consists of simple ingredients: eggs, sugar, flour, and a filling such as jam, cream, or buttercream. However, modern variations have expanded the flavor possibilities by incorporating ingredients like chocolate, fruits, nuts, and liqueurs.

The Process of Making Gulung Cake

Making Gulung Cake requires precision and technique. The batter is prepared by beating eggs and sugar until light and fluffy, then gently folding in the flour.

The mixture is spread evenly onto a baking sheet and baked until it springs back to the touch. The cake is then rolled with a filling while still warm, allowing it to cool and set in its signature shape.

Popular Gulung Cake Flavors

Gulung Cake offers a wide range of flavors to suit different tastes. Some popular variations include chocolate Gulung Cake, strawberry Gulung Cake, matcha Gulung Cake, and pandan Gulung Cake. Each flavor brings its own unique twist to the classic recipe, enticing dessert enthusiasts worldwide.

Gulung Cake Around the World

Gulung Cake has gained popularity globally, with variations and adaptations found in various cultures. In Japan, it is known as “roll cake” and is often filled with whipped cream and fresh fruits.

In Southeast Asia, onde-onde Gulung Cake features coconut and palm sugar fillings, providing a delightful fusion of flavors.

The Influence of Gulung Cake in Modern Baking

The versatile nature of Gulung Cake has made it a favorite among professional bakers and home cooks alike. Its influence can be seen in modern cake designs, where Gulung Cake serves as a base for creative decorations, frosting techniques, and multi-layered cakes.

Gulung Cake and Social

In today’s digital age, social media platforms have played a significant role in popularizing Gulung Cake.

Food bloggers, influencers, and baking enthusiasts share stunning photos and step-by-step recipes, inspiring others to try their hand at creating their own Gulung Cake masterpieces.

The visually appealing nature of the cake, with its colorful fillings and perfectly rolled layers, makes it highly shareable on platforms like Instagram and Pinterest.

Health Benefits of Gulung Cake

While Gulung Cake is undeniably a delightful indulgence, it also offers some surprising health benefits. The cake’s primary ingredient, eggs, provides a good source of protein and essential nutrients.

Additionally, variations with fruit fillings can contribute to the intake of vitamins and antioxidants. Of course, moderation is key, as Gulung Cake is still a sweet treat.

Tips for Baking the Perfect Gulung Cake

Baking the perfect Gulung Cake requires attention to detail and a few handy tips. To ensure a light and airy texture, it is crucial to beat the eggs and sugar until properly incorporated.

Additionally, gently folding the flour into the batter helps maintain its structure. Properly rolling the cake while it is warm and using a kitchen towel or parchment paper aids in achieving a neat and tight roll.

Serving and Enjoying Gulung Cake

Gulung Cake is often served in slices, showcasing its beautiful swirls and vibrant fillings. It pairs wonderfully with a cup of tea or coffee, making it an ideal choice for afternoon tea gatherings or dessert buffets.

To enhance the presentation, dusting the cake with powdered sugar or garnishing it with fresh berries adds an elegant touch.

Gulung Cake as a Gift or Celebration Dessert

Due to its eye-catching appearance and delicious taste, Gulung Cake has become a popular choice for special occasions and celebrations. It is often gifted to friends and family members as a symbol of love and appreciation. Its versatility allows for customization, such as adding personalized messages or decorative elements, making it a memorable and thoughtful present.

Cultural Significance of Gulung Cake

Gulung Cake holds cultural significance in many countries. In Switzerland, it is associated with festive events, particularly during the Christmas season. In Asian cultures, Gulung Cake symbolizes good luck, abundance, and prosperity, often served during festivals and celebrations. It serves as a representation of tradition and community bonds through the shared enjoyment of food.


Can I freeze Gulung Cake?

Yes, Gulung Cake can be frozen. It is best to wrap it tightly in plastic wrap or aluminum foil before freezing to maintain its freshness. Thaw the cake in the refrigerator overnight before serving.

Can I substitute the filling in Gulung Cake?

Absolutely! While traditional fillings include jam, cream, or buttercream, you can experiment with various options. Try using fresh fruits, Nutella, or even savory fillings like cream cheese and herbs for a unique twist.

What if my Gulung Cake cracks while rolling?

Cracking can happen, especially if the cake is too dry or rolled too tightly. To prevent this, ensure the cake is evenly baked and moist. If cracks do occur, don’t worry! You can easily cover them up with frosting or a dusting of powdered sugar. Remember, imperfections can add a charming homemade touch to your Gulung Cake.

How long does Gulung Cake stay fresh?

Gulung Cake is best enjoyed within a few days of baking. Store it in an airtight container or wrapped tightly in plastic wrap to maintain its freshness. If properly stored, Gulung Cake can stay moist and delicious for up to five days.

Can I make Gulung Cake gluten-free?

Yes, it is possible to make a gluten-free version of Gulung Cake. You can substitute regular flour with gluten-free flour blends, such as rice flour or almond flour. Be sure to follow a reliable gluten-free recipe to ensure the best results.


The history of Gulung Cake is a journey that spans continents and cultures. From its humble beginnings in Switzerland to its widespread popularity around the world, Gulung Cake has become a beloved dessert cherished by many. Its visually stunning appearance, delectable flavors, and versatility in recipe variations have made it a timeless classic.

I'm Jennifer Tirrell, a self-taught baker, and founder of CakeRe. As an experienced baker and recipe publisher, I have spent over a decade working in the kitchen and have tried and tested countless baking tools and products. From classic cakes to creative twists, I've got you covered. So grab your apron and let's get baking!

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