History Of Chhena Cake

Chhena cake is a delectable dessert that holds a significant place in Indian cuisine, particularly in the eastern regions of the country. This delightful sweet treat has a rich history that dates back centuries and is enjoyed by people of all ages.

Chhena Cake
Chhena Cake

What is Chhena Cake?

Chhena cake, also known as Chhena Poda, is a traditional Indian sweet made primarily from chhena (a type of cottage cheese), sugar, and ghee (clarified butter). It is a baked dessert that boasts a caramelized crust and a moist, spongy interior.

Chhena cake is often infused with cardamom or saffron to enhance its flavor and aroma, resulting in a truly indulgent experience.

Origins of Chhena Cake

The origins of Chhena cake can be traced back to the state of Odisha in Eastern India. Legend has it that the dessert was accidentally discovered by a confectioner named Sudarshana Sahoo during the 19th century.

While experimenting with different ways to use excess chhena, he came up with the idea of baking it with sugar and ghee. The result was a delightful sweet dish that became immensely popular and eventually evolved into the Chhena cake we know today.

Traditional Preparation Method

The traditional preparation of Chhena cake involves curdling milk to obtain chhena, which is then mixed with sugar and other ingredients. The mixture is carefully kneaded to achieve a smooth texture and is then molded into a round shape.

It is baked in a clay oven called a “chulha” at a moderate temperature until it attains a golden-brown color and releases a heavenly aroma. The cake is then left to cool, allowing the flavors to meld together and create a mouthwatering delight.

Regional Variations

While Chhena cake originated in Odisha, its popularity has spread to various regions across India, leading to the emergence of regional variations.

In West Bengal, a variant called “Bhapa Chhena Poda” is steamed instead of being baked, resulting in a softer texture. In Assam, “Tekeli Pitha” is a similar dish that incorporates chhena and jaggery (unrefined sugar) with an added touch of grated coconut.

These regional variations add diversity to the Chhena cake family and highlight the culinary creativity of different cultures.

Popularity and Significance

Chhena cake holds immense popularity in Eastern India and has become an integral part of the region’s culinary heritage. It is often prepared during festivals and special occasions, symbolizing joy, celebration, and togetherness.

The delightful aroma of freshly baked Chhena cake wafting through households during festive seasons is a testament to its cultural significance and the warmth it brings to people’s hearts.

Chhena Cake in Festivals and Celebrations

Chhena cake plays a prominent role in various festivals and celebrations in Eastern India. During festivals like Raja Parba in Odisha and Durga Puja in West Bengal, families come together to prepare and savor this delectable dessert.

It is considered an offering to the deities and is distributed among friends, relatives, and neighbors as a gesture of goodwill and sharing. The presence of Chhena cake on these auspicious occasions adds a touch of sweetness to the festivities, making them even more memorable.

Chhena Cake and Cultural Heritage

Chhena cake is not just a dessert; it is a reflection of the rich cultural heritage of Eastern India. The art of making Chhena cake has been passed down through generations, with families preserving traditional recipes and techniques.

The process of curdling milk to obtain chhena and the skilled baking or steaming methods involved in its preparation are cherished culinary practices that embody the region’s culinary traditions. Chhena cake is not only a delight for the taste buds but also a testament to the cultural identity and heritage of the communities that have nurtured it for centuries.

Health Benefits of Chhena Cake

Beyond its irresistible taste, Chhena cake also offers some health benefits. Chhena itself is a good source of protein, calcium, and phosphorus, making it a nutritious ingredient.

The moderate use of sugar in the recipe ensures that the sweetness is balanced, and the dessert can be enjoyed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. However, it is important to be mindful of portion sizes and individual dietary needs while indulging in this delightful treat.

Popular Chhena Cake Recipes

While the traditional Chhena cake recipe is widely loved and cherished, modern innovations have given rise to exciting variations and flavors.

Some popular recipes include Chhena cake infused with rose water, mango pulp, chocolate, or even layered with fruits and nuts. These creative adaptations showcase the versatility of Chhena cake and cater to the evolving taste preferences of dessert enthusiasts.

Chhena Cake: A Gastronomic Delight

Chhena cake has rightfully earned its place as a gastronomic delight in the realm of Indian desserts. Its unique combination of flavors, textures, and aromas creates a sensory experience that is hard to resist.

Whether you savor it warm or chilled, with a cup of tea or as a standalone treat, Chhena cake promises to transport your taste buds to a world of blissful indulgence.

The Future of Chhena Cake

As the culinary landscape evolves, Chhena cake continues to captivate dessert lovers with its timeless appeal. With the increasing popularity of regional cuisines and the growing interest in traditional desserts, Chhena cake is likely to enjoy continued recognition and appreciation.

Moreover, innovative chefs and home cooks are constantly experimenting with new flavors and presentations, ensuring that Chhena cake remains a relevant and exciting dessert for generations to come.


Is Chhena cake only popular in Eastern India?

While Chhena cake originated in Eastern India, it has gained popularity throughout the country. It can now be found in sweet shops and restaurants across various regions of India.

Can I make Chhena cake at home?

Absolutely! With the availability of chhena and basic ingredients, you can try making Chhena cake at home. There are numerous recipes and tutorials available online that provide step-by-step instructions to help you create this delectable dessert in your own kitchen.

Can I substitute ingredients in the Chhena cake recipe?

While the traditional recipe calls for specific ingredients like chhena, sugar, and ghee, you can experiment with substitutions to cater to dietary preferences or restrictions. For example, you can use alternatives like coconut sugar or honey instead of refined sugar, or replace ghee with clarified butter or vegetable oil. However, keep in mind that these substitutions may slightly alter the taste and texture of the final product.

Is Chhena cake suitable for vegetarians?

Yes, Chhena cake is suitable for vegetarians as it is primarily made from chhena, which is a type of cottage cheese obtained by curdling milk. It does not contain any animal-derived ingredients.

How should Chhena cake be stored?

To maintain the freshness and taste of Chhena cake, it is best stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator. It can typically last for a few days when refrigerated properly.

Can Chhena cake be served warm or should it be chilled?

Chhena cake can be enjoyed both warm and chilled, depending on personal preference. Some prefer the warm, freshly baked version for its softness and aromatic flavors, while others enjoy the chilled cake for its refreshing and firm texture.


The history of Chhena cake is a testament to the culinary ingenuity and cultural significance of Eastern India.

From its humble beginnings in Odisha to its widespread popularity across the region, this delightful dessert has won the hearts of people with its distinct flavors and textures.

Whether enjoyed during festivals, celebrations, or as a simple indulgence, Chhena cake continues to be a symbol of joy, togetherness, and the rich heritage of Eastern India.

I'm Jennifer Tirrell, a self-taught baker, and founder of CakeRe. As an experienced baker and recipe publisher, I have spent over a decade working in the kitchen and have tried and tested countless baking tools and products. From classic cakes to creative twists, I've got you covered. So grab your apron and let's get baking!

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