History Of Battenberg Cake

Battenberg cake, named after the village of Battenberg in Germany, is a sponge cake characterized by its distinctive checkered pattern. It is made by joining alternating squares of pink and yellow sponge cake with a layer of apricot jam and covering it in marzipan.

battenberg cake
battenberg cake

Origins of Battenberg Cake

The history of Battenberg cake dates back to the late 19th century. It is believed to have been created to celebrate the marriage of Queen Victoria’s granddaughter, Princess Victoria, to Prince Louis of Battenberg in 1884.

The cake was designed to incorporate the colors of the Battenberg family flag: pink representing Princess Victoria and yellow symbolizing Prince Louis.

The Royal Connection

The royal connection of Battenberg cake contributed significantly to its popularity. It quickly became a favorite treat at royal tea parties and other prestigious events. The distinctive design made it a visual delight, capturing the attention of both royalty and commoners alike.

Ingredients and Recipe

Battenberg cake is made using simple yet delicious ingredients. The traditional recipe calls for butter, sugar, eggs, flour, baking powder, almond extract, apricot jam, and marzipan. The ingredients are carefully combined to create a light and fluffy sponge cake that forms the base of this delectable dessert.

Traditional Battenberg Cake Design

The signature feature of Battenberg cake is its checkered pattern, which is achieved by assembling alternating squares of pink and yellow sponge cake.

The cake is typically covered in a layer of apricot jam, which acts as a glue, ensuring the squares stay together. The final step involves enveloping the cake in a layer of smooth marzipan.

Popularity and Variations

Over the years, Battenberg cake has gained immense popularity across the United Kingdom and beyond. It has become a staple at afternoon tea parties, birthdays, and other special occasions.

As the cake’s fame spread, creative variations emerged, with some bakers experimenting with different flavors, colors, and fillings, such as raspberry jam or lemon curd.

Battenberg Cake around the World

Battenberg cake’s appeal has transcended borders, and it is now enjoyed in various countries around the world.

In Germany, it is known as “Battenberg torte,” while in the United States, it is often referred to as “Battenberg square.”In Australia, it is popularly called “Checkerboard Cake,” highlighting its distinctive pattern.

The cake has also found its way into the hearts and taste buds of people in Canada, New Zealand, and other Commonwealth countries, where it is relished as a delightful treat with a cup of tea.

Battenberg Cake in Modern Culture

Battenberg cake has not only remained a beloved classic but has also found its place in modern culture. It has been featured in literature, films, and television shows, adding to its iconic status.

The cake’s visually striking design and its association with elegance and refinement make it a perfect choice for special occasions and celebrations.

Health Benefits of Battenberg Cake

While Battenberg cake is undoubtedly a delightful indulgence, it’s worth noting some potential health benefits associated with its ingredients.

Almonds, a key component of marzipan, are a good source of healthy fats, vitamin E, and minerals.

The cake’s moderate sugar content and portion size also allow for a guilt-free enjoyment when consumed as part of a balanced diet.

How to Make Battenberg Cake at Home

If you’re feeling inspired to create your own Battenberg cake, here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:


  • 200g butter, softened
  • 200g caster sugar
  • 4 eggs
  • 200g self-raising flour
  • 1/2 tsp almond extract
  • Pink and yellow food coloring
  • 4 tbsp apricot jam
  • 400g marzipan


  1. Preheat your oven to 180°C (350°F) and grease a square baking tin.
  2. In a mixing bowl, cream together the butter and sugar until light and fluffy.
  3. Beat in the eggs, one at a time, and add the almond extract.
  4. Gradually fold in the flour until the batter is smooth.
  5. Divide the batter in half and add a few drops of pink food coloring to one half and yellow food coloring to the other half. Mix well.
  6. Pour the colored batters into separate sections of the baking tin.
  7. Bake for approximately 25-30 minutes or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean.
  8. Allow the cakes to cool completely on a wire rack.
  9. Trim the edges of the cakes to create even squares.
  10. Warm the apricot jam in a small saucepan and brush it over the surfaces of the cake squares.
  11. Carefully assemble the squares, placing a pink one next to a yellow one.
  12. Roll out the marzipan on a surface lightly dusted with icing sugar.
  13. Wrap the marzipan around the assembled cake, pressing it gently to secure it.
  14. Trim any excess marzipan and smooth the edges.
  15. Serve and enjoy your homemade Battenberg cake!

Tips for Perfect Battenberg Cake

Creating a Battenberg cake can be a delightful endeavor, and here are a few tips to ensure your cake turns out beautifully:

  • Ensure your cake batter is well mixed to achieve a light and fluffy texture.
  • Use gel food coloring for vibrant and even-colored cake squares.
  • Trim the cake squares carefully for neat and precise edges.
  • Warm the apricot jam slightly for easier spreading and adherence.
  • Roll out the marzipan evenly and dust your surface with icing sugar to prevent sticking.


Can I use different flavors for the cake squares?

Yes, you can experiment with different flavors such as chocolate, lemon, or vanilla to create unique variations of Battenberg cake.

How long does Battenberg cake stay fresh?

Battenberg cake can stay fresh for up to 3-4 days when stored in an airtight container at room temperature. However, it’s best enjoyed within the first couple of days for optimal taste and texture.

Can I freeze Battenberg cake?

Yes, you can freeze Battenberg cake. Wrap it tightly in plastic wrap and place it in a freezer-safe container. It can be stored in the freezer for up to 3 months. Thaw it in the refrigerator before serving.

Can I substitute marzipan with another ingredient?

If you’re not a fan of marzipan, you can try using fondant or a homemade almond paste as an alternative. Keep in mind that it may slightly alter the taste and texture of the cake.

Is Battenberg cake suitable for special dietary needs?

Battenberg cake contains gluten, dairy, and almonds, which may not be suitable for individuals with specific dietary restrictions or allergies. However, there are gluten-free and vegan adaptations available that use alternative ingredients.


The history of Battenberg cake is steeped in tradition and elegance. From its royal beginnings to its global popularity, this cake has become an iconic symbol of British culinary heritage.

The combination of fluffy sponge cake, apricot jam, and marzipan creates a harmonious blend of flavors and textures that continues to captivate dessert enthusiasts around the world.

I'm Jennifer Tirrell, a self-taught baker, and founder of CakeRe. As an experienced baker and recipe publisher, I have spent over a decade working in the kitchen and have tried and tested countless baking tools and products. From classic cakes to creative twists, I've got you covered. So grab your apron and let's get baking!

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